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引起觀賞魚疾病的種類有哪些

  觀賞魚的疾病種類很多,一般將其分為兩大類:一類主要由有生命的動物、植物或微生物引起,如由寄生蟲、真菌、單細胞藻類、細菌及病毒等引起的疾病,成為生物性疾病。
  There are many kinds of diseases in ornamental fish, which are generally divided into two categories: one is mainly caused by living animals, plants or microorganisms, such as parasites, fungi, single-cell algae, bacteria and viruses, which become biological diseases.
  其中由寄生蟲引起的魚病稱為觀賞魚寄生蟲性疾病,包括單細胞原蟲,其特點一般是發病和傳播較慢,發病率和死亡率較低,防治也較容易。由真菌、細菌和病毒等引起的疾病,大多發病急、傳播快、發病率和死亡率都比較高,有較強的傳染性,故稱之為觀賞魚傳染性疾病,此類魚病不易防治。寄生蟲性疾病和傳染性疾病統稱為侵襲性魚病或生物性魚病。
  Among them, fish diseases caused by parasites are called ornamental fish parasitic diseases, including single-cell protozoa, which are characterized by slow incidence and transmission, low morbidity and mortality, and easy prevention and control. Most of the diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses have high incidence, rapid transmission, high morbidity and mortality, so they are called ornamental fish infectious diseases, which are not easy to control. Parasitic and infectious diseases are commonly referred to as invasive fish diseases or biological fish diseases.
  觀賞魚疾病第二類---另一類疾病稱之為非生物性魚病或生理性疾病,主要是由水體環境中的機械、物理、化學等非生物因素引起,或因魚體生理機能失調所引起機體的代謝障礙或機能紊亂而導致。
  The second category of ornamental fish diseases is called abiotic fish diseases or physiological diseases, which are mainly caused by mechanical, physical, chemical and other abiotic factors in the water environment, or by metabolic disorders or functional disorders caused by physiological dysfunction of the fish body.
  此類魚病的種類很多,病因復雜,危害較大,涉及面也較廣,如因缺氧而引起的“浮頭”和“泛池”、工業或生活污水引起的魚類中毒等。但無論是哪一類魚病,只要加強管理,做好生物安全和綜合預防工作,都可以完全避免其發生,若按疾病的臨床癥狀和病程的長短,觀賞魚疾病又可分為急性型、慢性型和潛伏型三種類型。
  There are many kinds of fish diseases, such as floating head and pan-pond caused by hypoxia, fish poisoning caused by industrial or domestic sewage, etc. However, no matter what kind of fish diseases, as long as we strengthen management and do a good job in biosafety and comprehensive prevention, they can be completely avoided. According to the clinical symptoms and duration of the disease, ornamental fish diseases can be divided into three types: acute, chronic and latent.
                                   濟南魚缸訂制
  1.急性型疾病
  1. Acute diseases
  急性型疾病是指觀賞魚在正常生活條件下,很快由生理性行為轉化為病理性行為,其特點是發病急、死亡率高,病程迅速,有數天到1~2周,如由黏球菌引起的白頭白嘴病,發病1~3天后即可使成千上萬只魚苗死亡;2.局部性疾病局部性疾病是指病理變化主要僅限于身體的某一部分,如皮膚病、鰓病、腸道病、眼病、肌肉病、肝病、骨病、膽囊病、鰾病等;全身性疾病是指此類疾病影響到整個機體,如泛塘、中毒、饑餓、營養不良、敗血癥等。
  Acute diseases refer to ornamental fish's rapid transformation from physiological behavior to pathological behavior under normal living conditions. They are characterized by acute onset, high mortality rate, rapid course of disease, from several days to 1-2 weeks. For example, white-headed and white-mouthed disease caused by myxococcus, thousands of fry can die within 1-3 days after onset. 2. Local diseases refer to pathological changes that are mainly confined to the body. Some parts of the body, such as skin disease, gill disease, intestinal disease, eye disease, muscle disease, liver disease, bone disease, gallbladder disease, bladder disease and so on; systemic disease refers to such diseases affecting the whole body, such as pantang, poisoning, hunger, malnutrition, septicemia, etc.
  魚缸清洗觀賞魚幾種大部分分類
  Several Major Classifications of Ornamental Fish for Cylinder Cleaning3.慢性型疾病3. Chronic diseases慢性型疾病則病程稍長,為2周至幾個月、大多無死亡高峰,如慢性型鰓霉病;潛伏性疾病是指觀賞魚體內存在病原體,正常情況下體表不表現臨床癥狀,但當周圍環境發生改變導致魚體抵抗力下降時,其體內的病原體開始大量繁殖,以致引起疾病的發生,因此加強飼養管理,提高魚體的抗病能力,是預防和治療這類疾病為有效的方法。若按疾病侵害的部位來分,可將觀賞魚疾病分為局部性疾病和全身性疾病。
  Chronic diseases have a slightly longer course, with no death peak for 2 weeks to several months, such as chronic gill mildew; latent diseases refer to the presence of pathogens in ornamental fish. Normally, the body surface does not show clinical symptoms, but when changes in the surrounding environment lead to a decline in the resistance of fish, the pathogens in the body begin to multiply in large quantities, leading to the occurrence of diseases, thus strengthening. Feeding and management to improve the disease resistance of fish is the most effective way to prevent and treat this kind of disease. Ornamental fish diseases can be classified into local diseases and systemic diseases if they are classified according to the location of disease invasion.
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